Lunes, 27 de febrero de 2012

PRECONTRATO DE TRABAJO                                                                              

Es precontrato aquél compromiso formal de las partes de celebrar un contrato de trabajo, basta la concurrencia de oferta y aceptación acerca de unas condiciones de trabajo para determinar si existe, y su incumplimiento da lugar a indemnización de daños y perjuicios. A la hora de establecer la responsabilidad por el incumplimiento la indemnización exigible se puede referir a

a)Daño emergente: el cual exige prueba de su existencia

b)Lucro cesante: éste no puede establecerse de modo certero, ya que se alude a una valoración futura.

Para reclamar la efectividad de esa promesa tenemos un plazo de prescripción de un año.

Las situaciones previas a la celebración de un contrato de trabajo se deben calificar como “laborales”, y su incumplimiento sólo da derecho a indemnización de daños y perjuicios (recíproco, ya que si quien incumple es el trabajador también crea unos daños que debe resarcir) sufridos, pero en ningún caso procede la acción de despido  

Un ejemplo de sentencia: (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/empleo/anexos/ccarl/34_16444.pdf)

en ella que aparece reconocido el precontrato, que aunque no esté expresamente previsto en el Estatuto de los Trabajadores, el propio silencio de la normativa laboral se ve suplido por la legislación general del Código Civil en materia de obligaciones y contratos.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         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